My favorite photo that someone else posted was the one that Christian posted called “The Social Network.” This is because it shows a bunch of kids all wired up, playing a video game on their computers in a common room. This photo shows what some people do with their spare time in college. It also is good for our class because they are playing a multiplayer game online. This is good for our class because this is an online community where people can interact with each other and other people that are playing online. Without the ability to put this on flickr, some people might never know what people like to do in their spare time instead of study.
My favorite picture that I posted was the one of my friend sitting on the couch holding up a coloring book. This was my favorite because even though we go to a very good school; I found it funny that coloring books were still used. People might never know that coloring books were used in college unless I posted this photo to flickr. Flickr gave our class the ability to share our college experiences with each other and learn about each other’s lives. Without some of these photos, I probably wouldn’t know what people enjoyed doing, what they did with their friends, or how their college experience might be different from mine. I really enjoyed this part of the class because it allowed me to learn more about my peers and also gave me the ability to share my experiences.
My remix project is based off the movie, Friday Night Lights. This is one of my favorite movies so I wanted to create a clip that would show off the best parts of the movie, essentially a trailer. I wanted to create a video that would show off why this movie is one of my favorite movies. I wanted to show how football is played in Texas and also how people live and die by high school football. When I watched the movie I would get goosebumps. My goal was to recreate that feeling in my remix. I wanted to build up to a point and show the highlights of football in Texas. I tried to incorporate songs that would help make the video more dramatic and also that would get you pumped up. I used songs such as, “Where the Streets have No Name,” by U2, and “The X Gonna Give it to you,” by DMX. I did not use very many transitions because I wanted the film to be fast paced because that is how football is played. There was only one real message that I felt needed to be conveyed in this essay and that was that football is life in Texas. People go nuts for it and that is what I tried to recreate through clips of big hits, dazzling moves, and music that attributed to this culture. I hope you enjoyed the video.
Throughout the essay, “Remix, Play, and Remediation: Undertheorized Composing Practices”, the authors of the essay discuss how work and play can or cannot be mixed. The authors talk about numerous mediums as more types of remix and how it can relate from business to “play.” As Suzanne Webb did with her study she created a powerpoint to present her information and by doing so become a lot more involved in her work. She said that she invested a lot more time in the powerpoint than what she would have spent on a written essay. She said that when she had to use multiple forms of media it forced her to invest more time and become more involved in her work. Suzanne says that she believes play as a method of learning is much more effective because kids will be more interested in the topics that are being covered. From personal experience I would definitely agree with this statement.
The authors also discuss how maybe when kids are checking facebook or tweeting they are not paying attention. I believe this is wrong because as people become better and better at multitasking they are actually able to do multiple things at once. This allows for people to be participating in class and also focusing on facebook. As many people think this is wrong I believe that it is not because kids are only going to pay attention so much in any given class, so if that time that they aren’t paying attention is used on say facebook they are still gaining information. So I think that instead of say daydreaming, if kids are on facebook they will benefit more. Now I am not saying that kids should be able to use facebook whenever they want, but if they pay attention in class and then every once in a while open facebook I do not think it will do that much harm. Also I am confused about how the authors think that remixing and play are understudied and undertheorized because digital media is such a big part of peoples work and life now that we need to start paying attention to these topics.
In the essay, Alternate Universes on Video: Ficvid and the Future of Narrative, Kim Middleton argues against people that believe that ficvidding is taking away from literary thinking. Ficvidding is not taking away from literary thinking but rather it strengthens it because when ficvidders take primary media and build on it, it creates a whole new media. Ficvidders take old media and put clips together that tell a completely new story then before. The culture of Ficvidders is based on the same principles that old school literary culture is because they both value, deep narratives and the extensive knowledge of the primary source. Middleton also argues that the difference between fan fiction and ficvidding is that ficvidders are restricted to use the media that is already available, whereas, fan fiction authors are unrestricted in the material they are allowed to use.
Middleton’s point about how ficvidders need to be very tech savvy to create these videos is very interesting. It enlightens us to the fact that these videos are not easy to create. Many people that watch these ficvids do not realize how much work and effort go into each one. But “new technologies have made it possible for more amateur vidders’ to participate and for more vids to be available to more people.” (121) Today, computers almost always come with a video editing software installed. This allows more amateur people to become involved because they can experiment with the software and try and create their own remix.
I liked how Middleton really gave a lot of credit to the ficvidders for being extremely dedicated to their work because not everyone realizes the extent that ficvidders go to, to create the videos. The ficvidders must spend countless hours watching episodes of shows and trying to find the right clips to put together to create their own video. They must have extensive knowledge in how to edit video and how to seamlessly put clips and audio together to create a new video. “The process involved in and the protocols surrounding ficvid evince an emergent culture of readers/writers/producers who are invested in the future of narrative, and who are at the forefront of developing the literacies necessary to sustain that future.” (128) Middleton shows how these new ficvidders are creating the future and are constantly adding to what that future is.
This article, by Alexis Lothian, discusses the controversial topic of whether remixing is illegal or not. Lothian discusses how even though she does enjoy watching remixes and understands why people make them she realizes why this would upset people. The debate about if people take old material and create their own work of art is it actually creating something new or is it just stealing something old and changing it a little. Lothian discusses how fans are not trying to make money when they remix media but rather just doing it for personal enjoyment. She also discusses how this is not fair to the corporations and artists because they produced a product and are not getting any revenue from the remix of their work. This is what is causing the controversy and upsetting people because not everyone is benefitting from people being able to remix media.
I think that if there were a balance between fans being able to remix and artists being able to get a little bit of revenue would be able to allow for fans remixing there would be no controversy. This essay also reminded me of the Lawrence Lessig, “Free Culture” essay. The only difference was that instead of taking a side and saying that one side is better than the other, Lothian just presents the topic. She makes statements supporting both sides. I thought that this was a very good article because it showed us both sides and didn’t try and make us agree or disagree with what she was saying. I believe that even though people use unoriginal work that the new work they produce is still new work even though it does take some old work. The product is completely different than the original therefore making it a new piece of work.
My flickr photos I think add a very unique touch to the group. My photo stream adds a very personal touch to the whole feel of the group. I present a sample of my life and some of the day-to-day activities that I do. I think some photos that people take are just photos of scenery which can be part of someone’s life but I think pictures of friends and family add a much more personal touch. I also think my photos reflect flickr as a whole because I think some of the main ideas of flickr is to upload photos of your friends and family for other people to see. This is what I have tried to do with my photos.
I think that this activity has enlightened me about these photos sharing websites that I had never used or knew how they worked. I think that this website is a very good idea because it is a way for people to connect that may be far away from you and cannot experience these same moments. By allowing people to follow each other and look at each other’s photos they are able to digitally be a part of someone’s life that you otherwise would not be able to be. This is very cool because it allows your friends to know how you are and families to stay connected.
In this essay, Marina Hassapopoulou, discusses how TV shows have become more and more fan interactive. Shows such as Lost and Heroes, are a couple of examples. Lost was one of the first shows to allow fans to interact with the producers indirectly. The producers set up a poll that allowed fans to vote on the character that they felt should be voted off the show. This gave fans the idea that they had the control over whether or not a character would stay on the show. This in turn made them become more involved with the show because they wanted to see if their vote had helped in getting rid of a character. Heroes took this idea and added on to it. They basically took the reverse idea of what Lost used. Heroes is a show that is based on 6 characters that are all “heroes” with super powers. They took Losts’ idea of creating a fan poll for who should be voted off and reversed it. They created a poll that allowed fans to vote for the next hero. This allowed fans to basically create the show that they wanted to a certain extent.
The essay also discussed how TV is surviving solely on the new forms of media that support the individual shows. Hassapopoulou argues that TV would not be as popular as it is without the support of Internet sites, blogs, and magazine articles. She also argues how people are not necessarily watching TV shows only on their televisions. People are able to watch the shows they like on their ipods, phones, and even stream it over the Internet. This shows how the new media has been able to enhance the TV shows people watch.
I did not agree with producers allowing this access to their shows because I feel like it gives them less power. By allowing fans to vote on the show and the characters, it forces the producers to listen to them. Thus giving them less power to create the show they want. But on the other hand it does give fans the feeling that they are involved in the show. I also feel like if they open a poll, this will not accommodate for everyone’s wishes because not everyone is going to vote on the same character, so there is going to be some negative feedback when fans don’t see the character they voted for become part of the show. All in all I feel that as this may be a good way for fans to interact, I feel that it does more harm than good because it will create more angry fans that feel that they were ignored in the voting. But clearly this method must be working because if it weren’t then I would assume the producers would stop creating this option.
At the beginning of this article it listed facts such as, in 2009 close to 27 million people were playing fantasy sports whereas in 200 it was only 2 million. The reason for this dramatic upswing was because of the internet. The internet allowed more people to join and participate. But this was not the point of the article to list stats, the point of the article was to interview businessman that were involved with fantasy sports. This would start a database of research on fantasy sports. This was important because at the time there was virtually no research about fantasy sports. Fantasy sports is defined as competitions involving individuals who select a team of players from a pool of real-world athletes from various sports and compete against other individuals’ teams. The main points from the interviews were, do people prefer to read stats online or in print? Why do people stay engaged in the league, what keeps them there? People responded with the point that some people joined the league but never really played. People get frustrated by this because they are hoping for a group of people in a league that all want to play and compete but when you get that one player that does not really care it ruins the whole league.
I felt like this article was sort of sexist because it assumed that woman did not play fantasy sports. It seemed like the author was surprised when he found out that more woman played than before. I felt like this was not a good thing to put in an article but then again he never fully said that.
This article discusses the ever-increasing demand for statistics by fans. Without stats there would be no point to sports because there would be no competitiveness. Stats allow competition because without stats there would be no scores for games. Imagine a game that was played just for the fun of it with no score kept. This game would draw no fan interest because there is no winning or losing. Fans rely on stats to follow games. Stats provide a sense of experience to those fans that were not able to watch or be at the game. And although fans may not know how some stats are calculated or determined, they still use them to debate with people about players and teams. The chapter showed how people and companies have realized that since there is such a high demand for these stats that they are able to make profits off of them. The business side of stats has become so big that leagues tried to shut them down. The leagues were unsuccessful at making stats private because the courts ruled that it is data from the past and should be allowed to anyone and everyone. This allowed for the start of fantasy sports and gambling.
Gambling became such a big part of sports because fans were able to make money off of watching something that they already enjoyed. Gambling is only existent because of stats. “Stats are to gambling as water is to the ocean.” (Pg. 136) Gambling has become one of the biggest revenues in sports, if not the biggest. In 2007, close to 50% of all Americans placed a wager on the super bowl. Gambling led to fantasy sports. Fantasy sports took off of gambling because it created a whole new level. It allowed people to bet on a team they had created of individual players, instead of betting on a pro team. In 2007, 20 million people were participating in fantasy sports.
I questioned the part about why professional leagues would try and make fantasy sports illegal. This seems like it would ruin their fan base. Although they are not making a profit off of it they are still gaining many more fans than they would if there were no fantasy sports. I did not see the logic behind their trying to shut down fantasy sports. I find myself wondering if sports would be just as popular as they are now if there were no fantasy sports. I do not believe that it would be because there would be no way for fans to experience their own way of management and feeling that they are apart of the sport.
This essay discussed the major topic of online sport communities. Trice discusses how shockingly big the community is compared to the assumed size. Trice states that people search sports 95 million times more then sex and politics combined on Google. This is shocking because one would assume that politics would be a much larger number because it is such a big part of everyone’s lives and has an actual effect on people. Sports are just a hobby for most people. They follow their favorite teams and track stats. People then comment and have discussions on the comment section of articles. By having these online sports forums it allows a person from out of state to follow teams that they would otherwise not be able to. Trice talks about how Web 2.0 excels at transferring the existing sense of community into an online community that millions of people are able to participate in. Trice also says, “the Internet works better at amplifying the connective needs of a community through existing passion rather than attempting to generate that passion from scratch.” (P. 43) This is why the Internet has become so big, because they are not trying to force people to start something new, but rather, to just make it easier for people to follow sports. The Internet makes more people follow sports because it is so easy to do now.
After reading this essay I found myself not believing the stats Trice gives on how many people comment on articles. I cannot personally believe these are correct because I have never met a teenager that actually goes on to these sites to comment on articles. Most of the people I know use these sites to track teams and look at stats; not to comment on articles. I would have also liked to see Trice talk about the fantasy sports because that is such a big part of the Internet sports community because so many people play and talk to each other through that. Fantasy sports is one of the driving factors in people going online to follow sports. It allows a user to draft a team of their choice, which then forces the user to follow each of their players. This creates a huge online surge because everyone is now following so many players and looking at stats and articles. They have to decide if each player is good enough to start or not.
This article discussed the benefits and disadvantages of the internet database. It talked about how being able to look through a “good old index” is invaluable because it cannot be done on the internet. It gave the example of how Sherlock Holmes used to sift through all of his files to aid his mystery solving. Looking through books used to be the only thing people did. No one would have ever imagined that some school libraries would not even have books anymore. Such is the case at a private boarding school called Cushing Academy. Their library consists of kindles and iPads dedicated to a specific topic.
Then came Web 1.0. It changed how people read and researched topics. It made things so much easier. There was a reliable database and by just typing a couple words you could instantly have all the information you needed. But then came Web 2.0. Web 2.0 was too clustered and unreliable. There are billions of people (fans) posting whatever they felt like on the internet. The internet was no longer reliable because you didn’t know if the information was correct. The millions of links that pop up when you search something is so inconvenient that it turns people away from the idea of using the internet as a resource.
This article left me thinking that as much as I hate flipping through textbooks to find information that I need, there is no parallel to it. Being able to rely on the information you find is priceless. As all students go through school they are tempted to use internet sites such as wikipedia but this can lead to misinformation because wikipedia is a public site that any person can edit an article or an essay. For an inexperienced “interneter” they could be using wrong information, which could really screw people if they tried to quote it on their papers. This article has made me appreciate the value of a library so much more than I used to.
In the essay The Inter(Active) Soap Viewer, by Melissa Ames, the main theme is how fans connect with the show. It talks about how fans have become more involved with the show that they watch. They watch episodes on television and then they immediately go to their computers to discuss the show they just watched on a community chat group. The ability to connect with other fans and discuss how the show pertains to them or how they felt about the show has attracted a lot of people to become part in the online soap community. The essay argues that it is very good that people are becoming so involved in shows via digital media such as the internet because it can create a much bigger fan group. This is because if people are able to watch the show and then discuss it with fellow fans, it attracts more people.
The essay also is showing how the producers can adapt to the fans. Soap operas are more targeted at women that stay at home because the show only airs during the day. So the producers follow the fan groups and are able to then change their show according to what the fans want. This creates a much more “happy” fan base.
I did not understand the point about how producers are able to make such fast changes in their shows. It would seem that an episode has to be planned far in advance and filmed so it does not seem possible that the producers are able to change on demand as the essay says they do.
I thought that this introduction talked about how everyone is starting to use different types of digital media in their everyday lives. Be it using flickr to post photos or using sms text messages to organize flash mobs. The information economy is going through a change from the industrial information economy to the new-networked information economy. This is making it easier for people to access information and keep up with all their friends on social networking sites such as myspace, yahoo and facebook. But as Ito said, “technology does not stand apart as an external force impacting society and culture but are embodiments of society and culture.” Technology is just expanding society and culture so it is more readily available to more people.
I found it contradictory that in the beginning of the introduction when Ito was talking about how all these new Peer-to-peer and many-to-many networks were such good things for sharing media, that at the end of the introduction he said how harmful they could be. How they are invading people’s privacy and becoming harmful to some. If they were so great then there shouldn’t be all these issues with sites like facebook and myspace.
This introduction led me to question whether or not these sites should be allowed if they are not doing or being used for what they should be. Also is all this change good? If this information economy becomes completely networked then what happens if the network crashes? Will our information economy be destroyed or will we be able to return to the way things used to be?
I thought that the main argument about this essay was the controversy between what is considered “piracy” and “property.” The author was trying to send a message that sometimes common sense is all you need to settle a dispute. For example the argument about who owned the airspace above someone’s property can be solved with common sense. As Justice Douglas said, “Common sense revolts the idea.” It is pretty obvious that people should be allowed to use the airspace to travel. Also the author was saying that people with more money and power are going to be able to control the culture. RCA was a perfect example of how someone can control the culture. Edwin Armstrong had invented FM radio in a time when people thought that that would never be invented. But he was never able to expand his idea because RCA was doing everything in their power to stop him because they were controlling the whole radio industry with AM radio.
I was a little confused about the idea that old laws and ideas need to move out of the way for new ones because I thought that some old laws and ideas were actually better than some of the newer ones. It seemed like the author was saying that all the older stuff needs to make room for newer stuff and I didn’t fully agree with that.
This left me wondering how people do not stand up to the big power people and try and fight back and make their product work. Was it because they didn’t have enough money? Or were they scared?